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2016 May HIT-001 Study Guide Questions:
Q361. Which of the following refers to information contained within a patient's EHR being converted from words to numbers?
A. Quantitative Analysis
B. Master Patient Index
C. Statistical Analysis
D. Qualitative Analysis
Explanation: Quantitative analysis refers to information contained within a patient's EHR being converted from words to numbers. The numbers of interest are then quantified and statistically analyzed. Answer: D is incorrect. Qualitative Analysis is incorrect as this is used to derive an in-depth, non-numerical description of the information contained within a patient's medical record. A qualitative analysis does not contain any statistical analyses. Answer: B is incorrect. Master Patient Index (MPI) is incorrect as this is a database that contains a unique index for every patient registered at a healthcare organization. Answer: C is incorrect. Statistical analysis is incorrect as this is the method used to analyze the data obtained from a quantitative analysis of a patient's EHR.
Q362. Information such as your name, date of birth and social security number are all considered to be protected health information. This information would fall into which of the following categories?
A. De-Indentified Health Information
B. Individually Identifiable Health Information
C. Archived Health Information
D. Demographic Health Information
Explanation: Demographic Health Information is a part of individually identifiable health information, it contains no information regarding and individual's illness or treatment. Demographic information is the patient's name, date of birth, address, social security number, insurance information and contact information. Answer: C is incorrect. Archived Health Information is incorrect as this is health information that has been stored on some sort of media such as a compact disc, dvd or videotape. Answer: A is incorrect. De-identified health information is incorrect as this information requires removal of all data in which a patient can be identified such as name, date of birth, social security number and address. Answer: B is incorrect. Individually Identifiable Health Information is incorrect as this is information, including demographic information that relates to the individual's past, present or future physical or mental health or condition, the provision of health care to an individual or the past, present or future payment of health care provisions.
Avant-garde comptia hit-001 practice test:
Q363. A medical practice knows that its billing office is open to public viewing because it is attached to the front welcome-desk as a time-saving device for communication between billing staff and front office staff. The practice knows that other patients' PHI billing information could easily be viewed by patients standing at the front desk, but chooses not to change the scenario. What kind of penalty could the practice face?
A. Minimum of $1,000
B. This is not a civil violation, only a criminal violation.
C. Minimum of $10,000
D. Minimum of $100
Explanation: This is a civil penalty due to "willful neglect." Answer: D is incorrect. It is only for an individual who did not know and by exercising reasonable diligence would not have known that this was a HIPAA violation. Answer: A is incorrect. It is for a violation due to reasonable cause and not neglect. Answer: B is incorrect. Criminal penalties are only when covered entities actively disclose or obtain PHI in violation of HIPAA.
Q364. Which of the following should a user avoid while creating strong passwords for users?
A. Inclusion of words found in a dictionary
B. Inclusion of special characters
C. Use of upper and lower-case letters
D. Inclusion of the user's personal information
E. Inclusion of one or more numerical digits
Explanation: A strong password should not include words found in a dictionary or the user's personal information. These information make a password week and vulnerable for attack.
Answer: C, E, and B are incorrect. These are parts of a strong password policy. A strong password is a password that is difficult for hackers to guess or crack. It contains a mix of upper and lower case characters, a mix of numbers, letters, and symbols, and is a minimum of six characters long. A strong password policy can be designed to enhance computer security of an organization by enforcing users to employ strong passwords and use them properly.
Verified hit-001 exam cram:
Q365. Your Privacy Officer has asked you as the IT administrator for the practice to help her fulfill the requirements under HIPAA regarding physical safeguards in the workplace. You could suggest a variety of different proposals that fulfill the requirements. Which of the following however might lead rather than prevent violations under HIPAA?
A. All equipment containing PHI, such as testing machines, must require users to swipe their employee ID through the equipment to access it.
B. All computers must have a lock latch over their power buttons, only available to authorized individuals.
C. All computers must be secured to locations viewable by all staff members to prevent individual staff members from misusing authorized PHI access. All old computers and their components (hard drives, etc.) must be recycled.
D. All computers must be securely locked to their workplaces.
Explanation: Under HIPAA the privacy notice informs patients that their PHI may be used in the healthcare operations of the business; but there are limits. For example, in this scenario, if all staff members can view a computer, there may be unauthorized members of the staff such as janitorial, marketing staff, untrained employees, drivers with the ability to view PHI who have no need to. Safeguards should focus on limiting rather than exposing data. Answer: D is incorrect. This is one way to protect against computers that contain PHI on their hard drives from theft which contributes to fulfilling the HIPAA requirement that access to hardware and software must be limited to properly authorized individuals. Answer: B is incorrect. It is a deterrent against unauthorized individuals accessing computers that contain PHI. You might suggest this as HIPAA requires Physical Safeguards to govern software and hardware introduction or removal on a network. Answer: A is incorrect. It is a good suggestion to fulfill the HIPAA requirement that access to equipment containing PHI should be carefully controlled and monitored.
Q366. As part of a privacy and security training program, the hospital staff are given a series of documents to look over and become familiar with. These documents are important for HIPAA regulation and for preventing unauthorized use and disclosure of PHI. Many patients are given one or more of these documents to sign or look over when they are first treated at a healthcare facility. Which of these is a HIPAA required document to be given to all patients?
A. Subpoena ducus tecum
B. Release of Information
C. Notice of Privacy Practices
D. Notice of Billing Practices
Explanation: Healthcare providers must, unless in an emergency treatment situation, distribute a Notice of Privacy Practices. The notice must describe the ways in which the covered entity may use and disclose PHI. The notice must state the covered entity's duties to protect privacy, and. describe individuals' rights, including the right to complain to HHS and to the covered entity if they believe their privacy rights have been violated. The notice must include a point of contact for further information and for making complaints to the covered entity. Also, the facility must obtain an acknowledgement from the patient that they received the notice of privacy practices, and have that acknowledgement on record. Answer: D is incorrect. Although many facilities do give notices of billing practices or insurance responsibility practices to their patients, this is not a required document according to HIPAA Privacy or Security Rules. Answer: A is incorrect. A subpoena ducus tecum is a notice to appear in court with certain specified documents to provide evidence during a lawsuit. It is not a required document in HIPAA regulation and would not be a document given to a patient. Answer: B is incorrect. A request for Release of Information is an important document for controlling access to PHI, but it is not a document that is required to be given to patients by HIPAA. Having a clear Release of information (ROI) policy and documentation is very important, but an ROI document is often not given to patients, but to other entities request access to information that requires patient and facility authorization.
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